11 Years After Famous SC Judgement On Police Reforms, Know What The Judgement Was & Where Do We Stand
On 22nd Dec 2006, the Supreme Court of India delivered a historic judgement in Prakash Singh Vs Union of India instructing the central and state governments to comply with a set of seven directives that laid down practical mechanism to kick-start police reforms.
- Constitute a State Security Commission (SSC) to ensure that the state government does not exercise unwarranted influence or pressure on the police. SSC will also lay down broad policy guideline and evaluate the performance of the state police.
- Ensure that the DGP is appointed through the merit-based transparent process and secure a minimum tenure of two years.
- Even police officers on operational duties (Including Superintendents of Police in-charge of Districts and Station House Officer in-charge of a police station) are also provided minimum tenure of 2 years.
- Separation of investigative and law and order Functions of the police.
- Set up a Police Establishment Board to decide on transfers, postings, promotions and other service related matters of police officers of and below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) and recommend the same for officers above the rank of DSP.
- Set up Police Complaints Authority at state and district level to inquire into public complaints against police officers in cases of serious misconduct.
- Set up National Security Commission at the Union level to prepare a panel for selection and placement of Chiefs of the Central Police Organisations with a minimum tenure of two years
Power is something very important for our politicians. How can they lose such power and influence over our powerful police??
Honorable Lieutenant Governors and Administrators of Union Territories of India
Honorable Chief Ministers of all States of India
The global average ratio of police-population is 270 to 100,000, where it’s 120 in India. Under List II, Section 7 of the Indian constitution, only States have powers to implement or amend laws on Police.
In 1996, two retired DGPs Prakash Singh, and NK Singh filed a PIL seeking Supreme court's order to Center and states for massive overhauling of their police. After ten long years of reviewing, The Supreme Court issued seven directives to states and UTs of India in 2006 to implement, which have not been followed by state government
2. Ensure that the DGP is appointed through the merit-based transparent process and secure a minimum tenure of two years.
4. Separation of investigative and law and order Functions of the police.
9. Install CCTV and Biometric system in all 20,000 or more police stations in India.
Recently, Chief Justice of India, Justice Khehar, expressed his anguish over the reluctance of states for not implementing the Directives on Police reforms announced in 2006. Earlier, many committees like Gore Committee on Police Training, the National Police Commission, The Ribeiro Committee on Police Reforms, The Padmanabhaiah Committee on Police Reforms have been able to break the dichotomy between the State Governments and the Supreme Court.